What is Naira Mutilation

Learn about the impact of Naira mutilation on the economy and how the Central Bank of Nigeria is addressing this issue. Discover the causes and consequences of damaging the Nigerian currency.


Naira mutilation is a serious issue that affects the Nigerian currency. It refers to the deliberate act of defacing, damaging, or altering the physical attributes of the Naira notes, which are the official currency of Nigeria. This illegal practice can have far-reaching consequences for the economy and the integrity of the financial system.

Causes of Naira Mutilation

There are several reasons why Naira mutilation occurs. One common cause is ignorance, where individuals are not aware of the importance of keeping the currency in good condition. Additionally, some people may engage in mutilation as a way to distinguish counterfeit notes from genuine ones, or as a form of protest against the government.

Consequences of Naira Mutilation

The act of mutilating Naira notes has negative implications for both the individual and the economy as a whole. Mutilated currency is not accepted by banks or businesses, leading to financial losses for the individuals holding the damaged notes. This can contribute to a loss of confidence in the currency and the financial system, which can have a destabilizing effect on the economy.

Efforts to Address Naira Mutilation

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has taken steps to combat Naira mutilation and raise awareness about the importance of preserving the integrity of the currency. The CBN has introduced campaigns to educate the public about the consequences of mutilation and encourage people to handle the currency with care. Additionally, the CBN has established guidelines for the proper handling of Naira notes and has set up mechanisms for the exchange of damaged currency.

Case Study: The Impact of Naira Mutilation

In 2018, the CBN reported that over 31 billion Naira in damaged currency had been exchanged through its banking system. This represents a significant amount of money that could have been circulating in the economy if not for mutilation. The CBN also noted that the practice of mutilating Naira notes was a major concern and urged the public to desist from such activities.


Naira mutilation is a harmful practice that undermines the integrity of the Nigerian currency and has negative consequences for the economy. It is important for individuals to understand the impact of mutilation and take steps to preserve the integrity of the Naira notes. Through education and awareness campaigns, the CBN is working to address this issue and ensure the continued stability of the financial system.

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