What is the Average SAT Score?

Discover what the average SAT score is and how various factors can impact it. Learn from case studies and statistics to gain insights into standardized testing.


The SAT, or Scholastic Assessment Test, is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States. It assesses a student’s readiness for college and provides colleges with a common data point that can be used to compare applicants. One common question that students have is: what is the average SAT score?

Understanding the SAT Score

The SAT is divided into two main sections: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing (EBRW) and Math. Each section is scored on a scale of 200-800, with a total possible score of 400-1600. The average SAT score is typically around 1050-1060.

Factors Affecting SAT Scores

Several factors can affect a student’s SAT score, including:

  • Preparation: Students who study and prepare for the SAT tend to perform better than those who do not.
  • Socioeconomic status: Research has shown that students from higher-income families tend to score higher on the SAT.
  • Educational background: Students who have access to advanced courses and rigorous curriculum tend to perform better on the SAT.
  • Test anxiety: Some students may experience test anxiety, which can lower their scores despite being knowledgeable about the material.

Case Studies

Let’s take a look at two fictional students and their SAT scores to illustrate how different factors can impact scores:

  • Student A comes from a low-income family and attends a school with limited resources. Despite studying hard, their SAT score is 980.
  • Student B comes from a high-income family and attends a prestigious school with advanced courses. They scored 1250 on the SAT after extensive preparation.

Average SAT Scores by Demographics

According to College Board data, the average SAT scores by demographics are as follows:

  • Asian American: 1223
  • White: 1123
  • Hispanic: 990
  • Black: 946


While the average SAT score can vary based on various factors, it is important to remember that the SAT is just one part of the college admissions process. Students should focus on their overall academic performance, extracurricular activities, and personal statements to present a well-rounded application to colleges.

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