Expository Text Definition

Discover what expository text is and how it is used to inform, explain, and describe topics. Explore examples, case studies, and statistics on the importance of expository writing.

What is Expository Text?

Expository text is a type of writing that is used to inform, explain, describe or define a topic. It presents facts and information in a clear and concise manner, without the use of personal opinions or emotions. Expository texts are commonly found in textbooks, newspapers, technical manuals, research articles, and other types of informational writing.

Characteristics of Expository Text

  • Objective – Expository text is written in a factual and objective tone, focusing on providing information rather than making arguments or expressing opinions.
  • Organized – Expository text is typically organized in a logical manner, with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Clarity – Expository text uses clear and precise language, avoiding ambiguity and confusion.
  • Examples – Expository text often includes examples, case studies, statistics, and other evidence to support the information presented.

Examples of Expository Text

An example of expository text is a scientific article that explains the findings of a research study. Another example is a historical document that describes the events of a particular time period. Expository text can also be found in instructional manuals, such as a recipe that provides step-by-step directions on how to cook a meal.

Case Studies

A study conducted by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) found that students who were exposed to expository text from an early age showed higher levels of reading comprehension and critical thinking skills compared to those who were not.


According to a survey conducted by the Pew Research Center, expository text is the most common type of writing found in everyday life, with 65% of adults reporting that they regularly read informational texts such as news articles, reports, and manuals.

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