Definition of Farmer in CARPER

Learn about the definition of a farmer in CARPER and how it impacts land distribution in the Philippines. Discover the criteria for qualifying as a farmer under this agrarian reform program.


The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms (CARPER), enacted in 2009, expanded the coverage and scope of agrarian reform in the Philippines. One key aspect of CARPER is the definition of a farmer, which plays a crucial role in the distribution of land to beneficiaries.

Definition of Farmer in CARPER

Under CARPER, a farmer is defined as any individual who is directly, substantially, and personally engaged in the cultivation of agricultural lands, tilling the soil or planting crops, either by oneself or with the help of immediate family members or hired laborers.

Engaging Content

Examples of farmers under CARPER include small-scale rice farmers in rural provinces, coconut farmers in Mindanao, and vegetable farmers in Benguet. These farmers rely on the land for their livelihood and are essential to the agricultural sector of the Philippines.

Case Studies

In a case study conducted in Quezon province, farmers who qualified under CARPER were able to receive land titles to the parcels they have been tilling for generations. This allowed them to have secure land tenure and access to government support services.


According to the Department of Agrarian Reform, over 3 million hectares of agricultural land have been distributed to farmers under CARPER since its enactment. This has benefited thousands of farmer beneficiaries across the country.


The definition of a farmer in CARPER is essential for ensuring that those who truly rely on the land for their livelihood are the ones who benefit from agrarian reform. By recognizing the contributions of small-scale farmers, CARPER aims to promote inclusive growth and sustainable development in the agricultural sector of the Philippines.

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