Appeals Court Definition

Discover the role of appeals courts in the judicial system, how they work, and examples of their impact. Get insights into recent case studies and key statistics.

What is an Appeals Court?

An appeals court, also known as an appellate court, is a judicial body that hears and reviews appeals from decisions made by lower courts. These courts are responsible for ensuring that the law was applied correctly and fairly in the original trial.

How Appeals Courts Work

When a party is dissatisfied with the outcome of a trial court case, they have the right to appeal the decision to a higher court, which is usually an appeals court. The appeals court does not conduct a new trial or hear new evidence but instead reviews the record of the trial court proceedings to determine if any legal errors were made.

Examples of Appeals Courts

One of the most well-known appeals courts in the United States is the United States Court of Appeals. Each state also has its own appeals court system to handle cases that are appealed from state trial courts.

Case Studies

In a recent case before the Court of Appeals, a lower court had dismissed a lawsuit on a technicality. The appeals court reviewed the case and determined that the lower court had made an error in applying the law, resulting in the case being reinstated.


According to data from the United States Courts, appeals courts across the country receive thousands of appeals each year. The vast majority of these cases are resolved without the need for a full hearing, as many are dismissed based on legal issues.

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