Yak Definition

Discover the fascinating world of yaks – resilient creatures essential for the livelihoods of mountain communities. Explore the definition, characteristics, and significance of these majestic animals.


Yaks are fascinating creatures that are closely related to cattle and are native to the Himalayan region. They play a crucial role in the livelihoods of many mountain communities and have adapted to thrive in harsh environments. In this article, we will explore the definition of yaks, their characteristics, and their significance.

Characteristics of Yaks

  • Yaks are large, domesticated mammals with long, shaggy hair that protects them from extreme cold temperatures.
  • They have horns that curve outward and are used for defense and foraging.
  • Yaks can weigh up to 1,000 kilograms and stand over six feet tall at the shoulder.

Significance of Yaks

Yaks are vital to the survival of communities in high-altitude regions as a source of milk, meat, and fiber. Their ability to thrive in harsh conditions makes them essential for transportation and agriculture in these areas.

Case Studies

In the remote Himalayan region of Nepal, yaks are used to transport goods and supplies to villages that are inaccessible by road. This demonstrates the resilience and strength of yaks in challenging terrains.


According to the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, there are over 14 million yaks in the world, with the majority being found in China, India, and Nepal. This highlights the importance of yaks in mountain economies.

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