What is Double Taxation

Learn about the complexities of double taxation, how it can impact individuals and corporations, and strategies to mitigate its effects.


Double taxation is a term that refers to the taxation of the same income or financial transaction by two or more entities. This can occur at both the corporate and individual levels, leading to potential issues for taxpayers.

Types of Double Taxation

There are two main types of double taxation: juridical double taxation and economic double taxation. Juridical double taxation occurs when two or more countries claim the right to tax the same income or financial transaction based on their own jurisdictional rules. Economic double taxation, on the other hand, happens when the same income or financial transaction is taxed twice due to the different tax treatment of the entities involved.

Examples of Double Taxation

One common example of double taxation is when a corporation pays taxes on its profits, and then the shareholders also pay taxes on the dividends they receive from those profits. This can result in a higher overall tax burden for both the corporation and the shareholders.

Case Studies

For example, let’s consider a multinational company that operates in multiple countries. The company may be subject to tax in each of the countries where it operates, leading to the potential for double taxation on its profits. This can complicate the company’s tax planning and reduce its overall profitability.


According to the Tax Foundation, double taxation can have a significant impact on economic growth and investment. In a study, they found that reducing or eliminating double taxation could lead to higher levels of investment, job creation, and economic growth.


Double taxation can be a complex and burdensome issue for taxpayers, whether they are individuals or corporations. Understanding the types of double taxation, examples of how it can occur, and the potential impact on individuals and businesses is essential for effective tax planning and compliance.

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