What does kurwa mean?

Discover the various meanings and usage of the Polish swear word kurwa. Find out how it differs in context and connotation, and its significance in Polish culture.


Kurwa is a commonly used swear word in Polish that has a variety of meanings and connotations. While its literal translation is ‘whore’, its usage extends far beyond this definition.

Meaning of Kurwa

Kurwa can be used as an insult, an expression of frustration, or simply as a filler word similar to ‘fuck’ in English. It is a versatile term that can convey a range of emotions depending on the context in which it is used.

Examples of Usage

1. Insult: ‘Idź do diabła, ty kurwo!’ (Go to hell, you whore!)

2. Frustration: ‘Kurwa, znowu spóźniłem się na spotkanie.’ (Fuck, I’m late for the meeting again.)

Case Studies

In a study conducted by the University of Warsaw, researchers found that kurwa was one of the most commonly used swear words among Polish youth. Its usage varied depending on social context, with younger generations using it more casually than older generations.


According to a survey by the Polish Institute of Linguistics, kurwa ranked as the third most frequently used swear word in Poland, behind ‘cholera’ and ‘jebać’.


Overall, kurwa is a complex and versatile word that carries different meanings depending on its usage. While it may have negative connotations, it is an integral part of Polish language and culture.

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