What Does it Mean When Parliament is Dissolved?

Learn what happens when parliament is dissolved, how it impacts the country, and why it’s an essential part of the democratic process.


Parliament being dissolved is a critical event in any country’s political landscape. But what does it really mean, and how does it impact the country? Let’s explore.


When parliament is dissolved, it means that the current sitting parliament is shut down and all Members of Parliament (MPs) lose their seats. This usually happens before a general election to make way for a new parliament.


Parliament can be dissolved either automatically after a set period or by the head of state on the advice of the Prime Minister. It marks the end of the current government’s term and sets the stage for a new election.


1. Government Dissolution: With parliament dissolved, the government loses its authority to make new laws or decisions. Only essential functions are carried out until a new government is formed.

2. Election Preparation: Political parties gear up for campaigning, presenting their agendas to the public, and contesting in the upcoming elections.

Case Studies:

In the UK, parliament is dissolved before general elections, signaling the end of the current government. In India, parliament can be dissolved if the government loses a vote of confidence.


According to data, parliament dissolution occurs on average every 4-5 years in democratic countries, depending on election cycles.


Parliament dissolution is a crucial step in the democratic process, paving the way for new leadership and the will of the people. It signifies change and the beginning of a new chapter in a nation’s governance.

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