What Does Islam Mean

Explore the meaning of Islam, its core beliefs, practices, and impact on societies. Learn about the significance of Islam in the world today.


Islam is one of the major world religions with over a billion followers worldwide. But what does Islam actually mean? In this article, we will explore the meaning of Islam, its core beliefs, practices, and its impact on societies.

Meaning of Islam

The word ‘Islam’ is derived from the Arabic word ‘Salam,’ which means peace. Islam is often translated as submission to the will of God. It is a monotheistic religion that believes in one God, Allah, and follows the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad.

Core Beliefs

  • Belief in one God (Allah)
  • Prophethood of Muhammad
  • Belief in the Quran
  • Five Pillars of Islam (Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, Hajj)


  • Praying five times a day (Salat)
  • Giving to charity (Zakat)
  • Fasting during Ramadan (Sawm)
  • Performing the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj)

Impact on Societies

Islam has had a profound impact on societies around the world. It has influenced art, architecture, literature, and laws. Islamic civilization made significant contributions in the fields of science, mathematics, and philosophy.

Case Studies

One example of the impact of Islam is the Golden Age of Islam in the 8th to 14th centuries, where scholars in the Islamic world made advancements in various fields such as astronomy, medicine, and literature.


Today, Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, with over 1.8 billion followers. It is the fastest-growing religion, with a projected increase in the Muslim population in the coming years.


In conclusion, Islam is a religion that emphasizes peace, submission to God, and social justice. It has shaped societies and cultures for centuries and continues to be a significant force in the world today.

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