US Supreme Court Definition

Discover the definition, role, and significance of the US Supreme Court. Learn about landmark cases, statistics, and the impact of its decisions.


The US Supreme Court is the highest court in the federal judiciary system of the United States. It has the final say on interpreting laws and constitutional issues. Let’s explore the definition, role, and significance of the US Supreme Court.

What is the US Supreme Court?

The US Supreme Court consists of nine justices who are appointed for life by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Its primary function is to interpret the Constitution and ensure that laws are consistent with it.

Role of the US Supreme Court

The US Supreme Court plays a crucial role in checking the power of the executive and legislative branches. It has the authority to declare laws unconstitutional through judicial review.

Significance of the US Supreme Court

The decisions of the US Supreme Court set legal precedents that have far-reaching implications. They shape the interpretation of laws and influence societal norms.

Examples of Landmark Cases

1. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) – The US Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, leading to desegregation efforts across the country.

2. Roe v. Wade (1973) – The US Supreme Court legalized abortion nationwide, sparking debates on reproductive rights.


– The US Supreme Court receives over 7,000 petitions each term but only hears around 100 cases.

– The average tenure of a US Supreme Court justice is around 16 years.

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