## What is Velocity?

Velocity is a vector quantity that describes the rate of change of an object’s position with respect to time. In simpler terms, velocity measures how fast an object is moving in a specific direction. It is an essential concept in physics and plays a crucial role in various scientific disciplines.

## Types of Velocity

**Uniform Velocity:**When an object moves in a straight line at a constant speed, it has uniform velocity.**Non-Uniform Velocity:**If an object’s speed or direction changes, it has non-uniform velocity.

## Velocity Formula

The formula for calculating velocity is:

*Velocity (v) = Change in position (Δx) / Change in time (Δt)*

## Importance of Velocity

Velocity is crucial in physics as it helps in understanding the motion of objects, predicting their future positions, and determining the impact of external forces on their movement. It is fundamental in mechanics, astronomy, and various branches of engineering.

## Real-World Examples

1. A car traveling at 60 miles per hour eastwards has a velocity of 60 mph in the eastward direction.

2. A roller coaster speeding up as it descends a hill demonstrates changing velocity due to acceleration.

## Case Study: Projectile Motion

In projectile motion, the velocity of an object changes continuously as it moves in a curved path under the influence of gravity. By analyzing the velocity components in different directions, scientists can accurately predict the trajectory of projectiles like rockets or baseballs.

## Statistics on Velocity

According to research, the average velocity of a human walking is around 3-4 miles per hour, while the velocity of a commercial airplane is approximately 550-600 miles per hour.