The Definition of Aggression Excludes Which of the Following?

Discover what the definition of aggression excludes and how it differs from related concepts. Learn about verbal, defensive, instrumental, impulsive, and passive aggression.


Aggression is a complex behavior that can manifest in various forms. While it is commonly associated with violence and hostility, the definition of aggression actually excludes certain behaviors and characteristics. In this article, we will explore what the definition of aggression excludes and how it is different from other related concepts.

Physical vs. Verbal Aggression

One common misconception is that aggression only refers to physical violence. However, aggression can also take the form of verbal attacks, such as insults, threats, or yelling. Verbal aggression is often overlooked, but it can be just as harmful as physical aggression.

Defensive vs. Offensive Aggression

Another important distinction to make is between defensive and offensive aggression. Defensive aggression occurs in response to a perceived threat or provocation, while offensive aggression is unprovoked and intended to harm others. The definition of aggression typically excludes defensive aggression, as it is considered a natural response to danger.

Instrumental vs. Hostile Aggression

Instrumental aggression is goal-oriented and used to achieve a specific outcome, such as winning a competition or gaining resources. Hostile aggression, on the other hand, is driven by anger or frustration and is intended to harm others. The definition of aggression usually excludes instrumental aggression, as it is not necessarily harmful or malicious.

Impulsive vs. Premeditated Aggression

Impulsive aggression is unplanned and occurs in the heat of the moment, while premeditated aggression is carefully calculated and executed. The definition of aggression typically excludes impulsive aggression, as it is often seen as a reactive response to a stressful situation.

Passive Aggression

Passive aggression is a form of aggression that is expressed indirectly, through behaviors such as procrastination, sarcasm, or stubbornness. While passive aggression may not involve overt confrontation or violence, it is still considered a form of aggression. The definition of aggression usually does not exclude passive aggression, as it can be just as harmful as other forms of aggression.


In conclusion, the definition of aggression excludes certain behaviors and characteristics, such as verbal aggression, defensive aggression, instrumental aggression, impulsive aggression, and passive aggression. By understanding the nuances of aggression and its various forms, we can better address and prevent harmful behaviors in society.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *