Tennis Court Oath Definition World History

Learn about the Tennis Court Oath, a pivotal event in the French Revolution that symbolized the people’s determination to create a new constitution. Explore its significance in world history and examples of similar oaths.


The Tennis Court Oath was a pivotal event during the French Revolution that took place on June 20, 1789. It marked the beginning of the Revolution and symbolized the determination of the French people to create a new constitution. This oath was taken by the members of the Third Estate, who declared themselves to be the National Assembly. Let’s delve deeper into the history and significance of the Tennis Court Oath.

What is the Tennis Court Oath?

The Tennis Court Oath was a pledge taken by 576 members of the Third Estate on a tennis court near the Palace of Versailles. They vowed not to disband until they had drafted a new constitution for France. This act was a defiance against King Louis XVI, who had locked them out of their meeting room.

Significance in World History

The Tennis Court Oath marked the first deliberate act of revolution by the French people against the absolute monarchy. It paved the way for the storming of the Bastille and the eventual overthrow of the monarchy. The oath demonstrated the unity and resolve of the Third Estate in the face of oppression.

Examples of Oaths in History

  • Magna Carta in 1215
  • American Declaration of Independence in 1776
  • Gandhi’s Salt March in 1930

Case Studies

One notable case study related to oaths in history is the American Declaration of Independence. Like the Tennis Court Oath, the Declaration was a declaration of independence from British rule and a pledge to fight for freedom and democracy.


According to historical records, the Tennis Court Oath was a turning point in the French Revolution, leading to significant changes in the political landscape of France. It inspired other revolutionary movements across Europe and the world.


The Tennis Court Oath remains a defining moment in world history, symbolizing the power of unity and determination in the face of oppression. It set the stage for the French Revolution and inspired future generations to fight for their rights and freedoms. This pledge on a tennis court changed the course of history forever.

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