Supreme Court Definition

Learn about the Supreme Court, its role, famous cases, statistics, and importance in the US legal system. Discover how the Supreme Court shapes laws and protects individual rights.

What is the Supreme Court?

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States judicial system. Established by Article III of the U.S. Constitution, the Supreme Court has the final say on legal matters and ensures that laws are interpreted and applied consistently throughout the country.

Role of the Supreme Court

The primary role of the Supreme Court is to interpret the Constitution and review laws passed by Congress and state legislatures. The Court hears cases that deal with constitutional issues, federal laws, and disputes between states.

Examples of Supreme Court Cases

One of the most famous Supreme Court cases is Brown v. Board of Education, which ended racial segregation in public schools. Another landmark case is Roe v. Wade, which established a woman’s right to have an abortion.


Currently, the Supreme Court consists of nine justices, including one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. Justices are appointed for life by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The Court receives around 7,000 cases each year but only hears about 100-150 of them.

Importance of the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court plays a crucial role in shaping the laws of the land and protecting the rights of individuals. Its decisions have far-reaching consequences and can have a lasting impact on society.


The Supreme Court serves as the final arbiter of legal disputes in the United States and ensures that justice is served according to the Constitution. Its decisions can shape the course of history and have a profound impact on the lives of Americans.

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