Supply Schedule Definition Economics

Learn the definition of supply schedule in economics and how it impacts businesses. Explore examples, case studies, and the importance of supply schedule for decision-making.

Understanding Supply Schedule in Economics

In economics, a supply schedule is a table that shows the relationship between the price of a good or service and the quantity supplied by producers. It helps in understanding how much of a product producers are willing to supply at different price levels.

Components of Supply Schedule

  • Price: The price of the product is listed in the first column of the supply schedule.
  • Quantity Supplied: The quantity of the product that producers are willing to supply at each price level is listed in the second column.
  • Market Equilibrium: The point where the quantity supplied equals the quantity demanded is known as market equilibrium.

Example of a Supply Schedule

Let’s consider the supply schedule for apples:

Price ($)Quantity Supplied (lbs)

At a price of $1 per pound, producers are willing to supply 100 pounds of apples. As the price increases, the quantity supplied also increases.

Case Study: Supply Schedule in the Smartphone Industry

In the smartphone industry, a supply schedule can help manufacturers determine how many units to produce at different price points. For example, if the price of a smartphone decreases, the quantity supplied by manufacturers may also decrease due to lower profit margins.

Importance of Supply Schedule

A supply schedule is crucial for businesses to make informed decisions about production levels and pricing strategies. By analyzing the supply schedule, companies can forecast how changes in price will impact the quantity supplied and adjust their operations accordingly.


Supply schedule is a fundamental concept in economics that helps in understanding the relationship between price and quantity supplied. By studying the supply schedule, businesses can optimize their production and pricing strategies for maximum profitability.

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