Incomplete Dominance Definition

Learn about the fascinating world of incomplete dominance in genetics, where two alleles blend to create a unique phenotype. Explore examples and case studies to deepen your understanding.

Understanding Incomplete Dominance

In genetics, incomplete dominance refers to a situation where neither of two alleles for a specific gene completely masks the other, resulting in a unique phenotype that is a blend of the two alleles. This phenomenon can be seen in various organisms, including plants and animals.

Examples of Incomplete Dominance

An example of incomplete dominance is the inheritance of flower color in snapdragons. When a red-flowered snapdragon is crossed with a white-flowered snapdragon, the offspring will have pink flowers, showing a blend of the two traits. Another example is the curly hair in humans, where individuals with two straight hair alleles have straight hair, individuals with two curly hair alleles have curly hair, and individuals with one of each allele have wavy hair.

Case Studies

A famous case study of incomplete dominance is seen in the flower color of Japanese four-o’clock plants. When red-flowered plants are crossed with white-flowered plants, the offspring have pink flowers. This unique phenotype showcases the blending of the red and white alleles, demonstrating incomplete dominance.

Statistics and Frequency

Incomplete dominance is a relatively common genetic phenomenon, occurring in a variety of species. While exact statistics on its frequency are difficult to determine, it is widely studied in genetics and plays a crucial role in understanding the complexity of inheritance patterns.

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