Geo Politics Definition

Discover the impact of geography on politics through the lens of geo politics with real-world examples and statistics. Explore the concept of geographical determinism and strategic resources.


Geo politics is the study of the relationship between politics and geography, including the influence of geographical factors on political decisions and behaviors. It explores how the location, size, climate, resources, and terrain of a country can shape its political strategies and interactions with other nations.

Key Concepts

  • Geographical Determinism: The belief that a country’s physical geography largely determines its political destiny. For example, a landlocked country may face challenges in trading with other nations due to lack of access to ports.
  • Strategic Resources: Countries with abundant natural resources, such as oil or minerals, may wield significant geopolitical power due to their economic value and strategic importance.

Case Studies

One notable example of geo politics in action is the competition for control over the South China Sea. China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and other neighboring countries are engaged in a complex geopolitical struggle over the territory, which is rich in natural resources and crucial for trade routes.


A survey found that 87% of global experts believe that geo politics will play an increasingly important role in shaping international relations in the coming years.


Geo politics is a crucial field of study for understanding the complex interactions between geography and politics on the global stage. By analyzing how physical and environmental factors influence political decision-making, we can gain insights into the strategic interests and power dynamics that shape our world.

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