Demand Schedule Definition Economics

Learn how the demand schedule impacts consumer behavior and pricing strategies in economics. Explore examples and case studies to understand its significance.

Understanding the Demand Schedule in Economics

In economics, the demand schedule represents the relationship between the price of a good or service and the quantity demanded by consumers. It is a crucial tool for businesses and policymakers to understand how changes in price affect consumer behavior.

Components of a Demand Schedule

A demand schedule typically consists of two main components: price and quantity demanded. As the price of a good or service changes, the quantity demanded by consumers also changes. This relationship is known as the law of demand, which states that as price decreases, quantity demanded increases, and vice versa.

Example of a Demand Schedule

Let’s consider an example of a demand schedule for smartphones:

  • Price ($): 100, 200, 300, 400
  • Quantity Demanded: 100, 80, 60, 40

In this example, as the price of smartphones increases, the quantity demanded decreases. This inverse relationship is a common trend in demand schedules for most goods and services.

Case Study: Demand Schedule for Electric Cars

One interesting case study is the demand schedule for electric cars. As governments worldwide push for sustainable transportation options, the demand for electric cars has been on the rise. A demand schedule for electric cars might show a higher quantity demanded at lower prices compared to traditional gasoline-powered vehicles.

Utilizing Demand Schedules

Businesses can utilize demand schedules to set optimal pricing strategies, forecast sales, and assess consumer preferences. By analyzing demand schedules, companies can adjust their marketing efforts and production levels to meet consumer demand effectively.


The demand schedule is a fundamental concept in economics that guides decision-making processes for businesses, policymakers, and consumers. Understanding the relationship between price and quantity demanded is essential for a thriving market economy.

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