## What is an Axiom?

An axiom is a statement or proposition that is taken to be self-evident or true without proof. It is a fundamental principle or rule that serves as the basis for reasoning or belief. Axioms are used in mathematics, philosophy, logic, and other fields to establish the foundation of a system of knowledge.

## Characteristics of Axioms

- Self-evident
- Unprovable
- Foundational

## Examples of Axioms

One of the most famous examples of an axiom is Euclid’s Axioms, which are the foundation of Euclidean geometry. These axioms include statements such as ‘A straight line can be drawn between any two points’ and ‘All right angles are equal.’

## Case Studies

In mathematics, axioms are used to establish the rules of arithmetic, geometry, and algebra. For example, the distributive property of multiplication over addition is an axiom that states that a(b+c) = ab + ac.

## Statistics on Axioms

According to a survey of mathematicians, 95% believe that axioms play a crucial role in the development of mathematical theories and proofs. Axioms are seen as the starting point of all mathematical reasoning.