Definition of Argumentative Text

Discover the definition of argumentative text, its characteristics, examples, and how to write one effectively. Learn the power of persuasive writing today!


Argumentative text is a type of writing that presents a clear argument in an organized and persuasive manner. It aims to convince the audience of a particular viewpoint or idea through logical reasoning and evidence. In this article, we will explore the definition of argumentative text, its characteristics, examples, and how to effectively write one.

Characteristics of Argumentative Text

  • Presents a clear thesis statement: Argumentative text starts with a strong thesis statement that expresses the author’s opinion or stance on a topic.

  • Uses logical reasoning: It relies on logic and rational arguments to support the main claim.

  • Provides evidence: Argumentative texts include evidence such as facts, statistics, examples, and expert opinions to back up the argument.

  • Addresses opposing viewpoints: Acknowledging and refuting opposing arguments strengthens the author’s position.

  • Engages the audience: It uses persuasive language and techniques to capture the reader’s attention and convince them of the validity of the argument.

Examples of Argumentative Text

One common example of argumentative text is an opinion editorial (op-ed) piece in a newspaper or online publication. These articles present a clear argument on a current issue and often provoke discussion and debate among readers. Another example is a persuasive essay written for academic purposes, where the author presents a well-structured argument supported by evidence.

Case Studies

A study conducted by researchers at Harvard University found that students who were taught how to write argumentative texts performed better in critical thinking and analytical reasoning skills compared to those who were not given explicit instruction in this genre of writing.

How to Write an Effective Argumentative Text

To write a compelling argumentative text, it is important to conduct thorough research on the topic, outline the main points of the argument, and structure the text in a logical and coherent manner. Start with a strong thesis statement, provide supporting evidence, address counterarguments, and conclude with a compelling call to action or summary of the key points.


Argumentative text is a powerful tool for expressing opinions, persuading others, and initiating thoughtful discussions. By understanding its definition, characteristics, and how to effectively write one, writers can enhance their ability to communicate effectively and influence others through logical reasoning and evidence-based arguments.

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