Define Nowruz

Discover the cultural significance of Nowruz, the Persian New Year celebration that promotes renewal and unity. Learn about its origins, customs, and global impact.


Nowruz, also known as Persian New Year, is a time-honored celebration of renewal and rebirth that has been observed for over 3,000 years. This spring festival marks the beginning of the Iranian calendar and is celebrated by millions of people worldwide.


Nowruz has its roots in ancient Zoroastrian traditions and is closely tied to the vernal equinox, when day and night are of equal length. The festival symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness and the arrival of spring.

Customs and Traditions

Nowruz is a time for families to come together, clean their homes, and prepare special foods. One of the most important traditions is the setting of the Haft-Seen table, which includes seven symbolic items starting with the letter ‘S’.

  • Sabzeh (wheat or barley sprouts)
  • Samanu (sweet pudding)
  • Seer (garlic)
  • Seeb (apple)
  • Somaq (sumac)
  • Serkeh (vinegar)
  • Sekkeh (coins)


Nowruz is a time of joy and celebration, but it also holds deep cultural and spiritual significance. It promotes unity, renewal, and the coming together of communities to welcome the new year with hope and positivity.

Celebrations Around the World

Nowruz is celebrated by diverse communities around the world, including in Iran, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Turkey, and parts of Central Asia. In recent years, Nowruz has gained recognition as an official United Nations observance, highlighting its importance as a cultural heritage that transcends borders.

Case Study: Nowruz in Tehran

Each year, millions of people gather in Tehran’s streets to celebrate Nowruz with music, dance, and fireworks. The city is adorned with lights and decorations, creating a festive atmosphere that reflects the spirit of renewal and hope that Nowruz represents.


According to a survey conducted by the Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization, 80% of Iranians celebrate Nowruz as their most important holiday. The festival also attracts tourists from around the world, contributing to the local economy and promoting cultural exchange.


Nowruz is more than just a New Year’s celebration. It is a time-honored tradition that brings people together, strengthens cultural identity, and promotes positivity and renewal. As the world comes together to celebrate Nowruz, let us embrace its message of hope and unity for a brighter future.

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