Define Morphology

Unlock the secrets of word structure with morphology. Learn how words are formed and transformed with examples, case studies, and statistics.

What is Morphology?

Morphology is a branch of linguistics that deals with the study of the structure of words. It examines how words are formed, their internal structure, and how they change in different contexts.

Morphological Processes

There are several key processes in morphology:

  • Inflection: adding affixes to a word to indicate grammatical features like tense, number, and gender.
  • Derivation: creating new words by adding affixes to a base word.
  • Compounding: combining two or more words to create a new word.


Take the word ‘unhappiness’ for example. Here, ‘un-‘ is a prefix indicating negation, ‘happy’ is the root word, and ‘-ness’ is a suffix indicating a state or quality.

Case Studies

In a study on English morphology, researchers found that the average adult native English speaker has a vocabulary of about 20,000 words and can recognize around 80,000 words.


A survey conducted on the morphology of Spanish language revealed that Spanish has around 50 different verb conjugations, making it a complex language in terms of morphology.

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