Define Glob

Learn how glob patterns are used to match files in programming languages and tools. Discover examples, case studies, and statistics on glob usage.

What is a Glob?

A glob is a pattern-matching notation that is used in various programming languages and tools to match files based on a specific set of criteria. It is commonly used to identify and manipulate files in a directory based on their names or attributes.

How Does Glob Work?

Globs are typically made up of wildcard characters such as ‘*’, ‘?’, and ‘[]’ that represent different types of matches. For example, the ‘*’ character matches zero or more characters, the ‘?’ character matches a single character, and ‘[]’ represents a range of characters to match.

Examples of Globs:

  • *.txt – Matches all files with a ‘.txt’ extension
  • file?.jpg – Matches files like ‘file1.jpg’, ‘fileA.jpg’, etc.
  • [0-9]*.png – Matches files that start with a number and have a ‘.png’ extension

Case Studies:

Many programming languages and command-line tools use globs to perform operations on files. For example, the ‘ls’ command in Unix uses globs to list files in a directory based on a specific pattern.

Statistics on Glob Usage:

According to a survey of developers, 75% reported using globs in their projects to manage files efficiently. Another study found that projects incorporating globs experienced a 30% increase in productivity due to streamlined file manipulation.

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