Define Communalism Class 10

Understand the concept of communalism in Class 10 with examples, case studies, and its effects on society. Learn about the causes and consequences of communalism.

Communalism: An Insight

Communalism refers to a political ideology that defines a community based on religion, ethnicity, or language and seeks to promote the interests of that particular community over others. It often leads to tension, conflict, and division within society.

Causes of Communalism

1. Religious Beliefs: Differences in religious beliefs can lead to communalism as individuals tend to prioritize their faith over others.

2. Political Divisions: Politicians often use communalism for gaining votes and power by exploiting religious sentiments.

Effects of Communalism

1. Violence: Communalism often results in violent clashes and riots between different communities, leading to loss of life and property.

2. Social Division: It creates a rift between communities, making social cohesion difficult to achieve.

Examples of Communalism

1. The partition of India in 1947 based on religious lines, leading to mass displacement and violence.

2. The Gujarat riots in 2002 between Hindus and Muslims, resulting in significant casualties and displacement.

Case Studies

1. Ayodhya Dispute: The Babri Masjid demolition in 1992 sparked communal tensions between Hindus and Muslims in India.

2. Rohingya Crisis: The persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar based on their religion has led to communal violence and displacement.

Statistics on Communalism

In India, communal violence has led to thousands of deaths and displacements over the years, highlighting the destructive nature of communalism.


Communalism is a divisive ideology that poses a threat to social harmony and peace. It is essential to promote tolerance, understanding, and unity among communities to combat communalism and build a cohesive society.

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