Congress of Vienna Definition

Explore the significance of the Congress of Vienna in shaping the political landscape of Europe post-Napoleonic Wars. Discover key objectives, case studies, and statistics in this in-depth analysis.


The Congress of Vienna, held in 1814-1815, was a diplomatic conference that aimed to restore stability and order in Europe following the Napoleonic Wars. This gathering of European powers would have a significant impact on the political landscape of the continent for years to come.

Key Objectives

  • Redrawing the Map: The Congress aimed to redraw the borders of Europe in a way that would satisfy the victors of the Napoleonic Wars while maintaining a balance of power among the major nations.
  • Legitimacy: The Congress sought to restore legitimate monarchies to their thrones, in opposition to the revolutionary principles of the French Revolution and Napoleon.
  • Balance of Power: The Congress aimed to create a system of checks and balances that would prevent any one nation from becoming too dominant and threatening the stability of Europe.


The Congress of Vienna is considered a watershed moment in European history as it set the stage for a century of relative peace and stability in the region. By establishing a new framework for diplomacy and governance, the Congress helped to prevent the eruption of major conflicts for decades.

Case Study: The Concert of Europe

One of the lasting legacies of the Congress of Vienna was the establishment of the Concert of Europe, a system of regular conferences between the major powers to address issues affecting the continent. This framework helped to maintain peace and stability in Europe throughout the 19th century.


  • 92,000: The number of square miles of territory that changed hands as a result of the Congress of Vienna.
  • 100: The number of days the Congress lasted, making it one of the longest diplomatic conferences in history.
  • 200: The estimated number of delegates who attended the Congress, representing the major powers of Europe.

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