Congress Definition

Learn about the definition, roles, and responsibilities of Congress as the legislative branch of the United States government. Explore examples, case studies, and statistics showcasing Congress in action.

What is Congress?

Congress is the legislative branch of the United States government, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It is responsible for making laws, overseeing the budget, and representing the interests of the American people.

Roles and Responsibilities

Congress has the power to pass legislation, approve budgets, declare war, and conduct oversight of the executive branch. Members of Congress also serve as representatives of their constituents, listening to their concerns and advocating for policies that benefit them.

Examples of Congress in Action

One example of Congress in action is the passing of the Affordable Care Act in 2010. This legislation fundamentally changed the healthcare system in the United States and was a major accomplishment for Congress and the Obama administration.

Case Studies

In 2020, Congress passed the CARES Act in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This legislation provided financial assistance to individuals and businesses affected by the crisis, demonstrating the important role Congress plays in addressing national emergencies.


According to the Congressional Research Service, Congress passed a total of 352 public laws in 2019. This data highlights the productivity and impact of Congress in shaping national policy.

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