Communism Definition

Learn about the ideology of communism, its key principles, examples, case studies, and statistics. Explore how communism aims to create a classless society with equal distribution of resources.

What is Communism?

Communism is a political and economic ideology that advocates for a classless society where the means of production are owned and controlled by the community as a whole. It aims to establish a system where resources are distributed equally among all members of society, eliminating social classes and promoting cooperation over competition.

Key Principles of Communism

  • Common ownership of the means of production
  • Classless society
  • From each according to their ability, to each according to their needs

Examples of Communism

One of the most well-known examples of communism is the Soviet Union, which was a communist state from 1922 to 1991. Other examples include China under Mao Zedong, Cuba under Fidel Castro, and North Korea under the Kim dynasty.

Case Studies

One interesting case study is the Cuban Revolution, led by Fidel Castro in 1959. After the revolution, Cuba adopted a communist system, nationalizing industry and implementing land reform. Despite facing economic embargoes from the United States, Cuba has achieved high levels of healthcare and education for its citizens.

Statistics on Communism

According to a study by the Pew Research Center, 42% of Russians today believe that the collapse of the Soviet Union was a bad thing. This suggests that communism still has some support in countries that were formerly communist.

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