Appeal Court Definition

Learn about the definition and role of appeal courts in the judicial system. Find out how they work, examples of landmark cases, and statistics on their caseload.


An appeal court, also known as an appellate court, is a judicial body that reviews decisions made by lower courts. They have the authority to overturn or uphold the verdicts made by these lower courts.

How Appeal Courts Work

When a party is dissatisfied with the outcome of a trial court decision, they can file an appeal with the appropriate appellate court. The appeal court will review the case and determine if any legal errors were made during the trial court proceedings.

Appeal Court Process

After reviewing the case, the appeal court may uphold the lower court’s decision, reverse the decision, or remand the case back to the lower court for further proceedings. They typically focus on legal issues rather than re-examining the facts of the case.

Appeal Court Examples

  • In the famous case of Brown v. Board of Education, the appeal court overturned the decision of the lower court and ruled that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
  • In the case of Miranda v. Arizona, the appeal court upheld the lower court’s decision that suspects must be informed of their rights before being interrogated by the police.

Statistics on Appeal Courts

According to the National Center for State Courts, appeal courts across the United States handle thousands of cases each year. In 2019, there were over 60,000 appeals filed in state appellate courts alone.


Overall, appeal courts play a crucial role in the judicial system by ensuring that lower court decisions are fair and just. They provide a way for parties to seek review of legal errors and uphold the rule of law.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *