What is a General Election

Discover the significance of general elections and their impact on democratic governance. Explore examples, case studies, and statistics on general elections.


A general election is a crucial event in democratic countries where eligible citizens vote for their preferred candidates to represent them in the government. Let’s delve deeper into what a general election entails.

Definition of a General Election

A general election is a political process where voters choose representatives to fill public offices. These elections often determine the composition of government bodies, such as parliaments or congresses.

Importance of General Elections

General elections are essential for ensuring democratic governance. They allow citizens to have a say in how their country is run and hold elected officials accountable for their actions.

Examples of General Elections

The United States’ presidential election, the United Kingdom’s parliamentary election, and India’s general election are prime examples of general elections that draw global attention.

Case Study: India’s General Election

India’s general election is the largest democratic exercise in the world, with over 900 million eligible voters. The 2019 election saw the ruling party, BJP, securing a majority in parliament.

Statistics on General Elections

  • Over 50 countries have compulsory voting laws for general elections.
  • The 2020 U.S. presidential election had the highest voter turnout in over a century, with over 66% of eligible voters participating.


In conclusion, general elections are vital for democracy as they enable citizens to participate in the political process and shape the future of their country.

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