In what scientists say might be the first case of its kind, a new report details the story of a 62-year-old man in New York state who died last year of meningoencephalitis, apparently after being bitten by a deer tick infected with deer tick virus.
Central to their findings was the appearance at a London auction in 1982 of Wilde's medical certificate that showed he had developed meningoencephalitis, a chronic middle-ear infection.
In rare cases, mumps meningoencephalitis could end up in permanent neurological problems such as paralysis, seizures, cranial nerve palsies and hydrocephalus.
The proportion of patients developing these three types of complications is about 0. 5-2% for eye disease, and less than 1% for meningoencephalitis and haemorrhagic fever syndrome.
Death in patients with only meningoencephalitis is uncommon.
This generally appears as one of several recognizable syndromes: eye disease, meningoencephalitis (inflammation of the brain and surrounding tissue) or haemorrhagic fever.
- Give supportive therapy for meningoencephalitis:
The trials were cut short in 2002 because 6 per cent of the patients developed meningoencephalitis, an inflammation of the brain that resulted in several deaths.
Earlier in the season, according to news reports, one person in Louisianaand another in Virginia also died from the "brain-eating" malady amoebic meningoencephalitis, which causes headache, stiffness, fever and nausea before leading to almost-certain death.
Amebic meningoencephalitis due to Naegleria fowleri.