pronunciation definition

  • noun:
    • The act or types of pronouncing terms; utterance of message.
    • an easy method of speaking a word, especially a way that is accepted or generally speaking understood.
    • A graphic representation of the way a word is talked, making use of phonetic symbols.
    • the conventional way in which a word was created to sound when talked.
    • how what of a language are created to sound whenever speaking.
    • The work of uttering with articulation; the work of giving the correct noise and accent; utterance
    • The mode of uttering words or phrases.
    • The art of types of uttering a discourse openly with propriety and gracefulness; -- today known as distribution.
    • The act of pronouncing, or uttering with articulation; the way of uttering words or letters; especially, the way of uttering terms which can be held become correct, as based on the practice of the finest speakers: since, the pronunciation of a name; distinct or indistinct pronunciation. Abbreviated pron.
    • The art or manner of uttering a discourse with euphony and elegance: today known as delivery.
    • Eclectic pronunciation (of Greek), something of pronunciation of ancient greek language which seeks to approximate towards the actual ancient pronunciation. It agrees on the whole using the stricter continental system, and pronounces the diphthongs to ensure each element can he heard separately.
    • English pronunciation (of Greek), something of pronouncing Greek using English noises associated with the corresponding Latin letters. This technique is currently little-used in the usa.
    • English pronunciation (of Latin), a method of pronouncing Latin which employs, with exclusions, the typical analogy associated with the contemporary pronunciation of English. The Latin guideline of accentuation determines the spot associated with the accent; but the vowels receive their particular lengthy or quick English sounds without reference to their particular Latin volume. The English lengthy noises are employed after a word (but final a is typically obscure, such as coma), before another vowel, at the end of an accented penult or of any unaccented syllable (except penultimate i). The English brief noises are employed in a syllable closing with a consonant (except last es, os), before two consonants (maybe not a mute and fluid) and x (= cs), and (excepting u) in an accented antepenult before one consonant, if you don't followed by two vowels the former of which is age, i, or y. C, 8, and t, succeeding the accent, are equal to sh, and x is sounded like ksh, before two vowels the former of which is an unaccented i or y, unless 8, t, or x precedes. Preliminary x is pronounced z. If the 2nd of two initial consonants is certainly not h, l, or r, the initial (if you don't 8) is silent. Initial chth and phth are pronounced th. There aren't any silent vowels. Different authorities vary these rules notably, or acknowledge various exclusions to them. The English system of pronunciation of Latin regulates the pronunciation in English of all of the appropriate brands which have maybe not modified their Latin spelling, and of all Latin phrases and words which may have become Anglicized.
    • Erasmian pronunciation (of Greek), a method the earliest champ of which had been Erasmus in the treatise “De Recta Latini Græcique Sermonis Pronunciatione” (Basel, 1528). The pronunciation universally used during those times ended up being the modern Greek as found in the center ages and sustained by Byzantine scholars at the time of the revival of letters. Investigation led to a broad belief among scholars within the western of Europe your Erasmian theory associated with the old pronunciation was correct; and by the end of the sixteenth century — after significant debate, embittered by the proven fact that the traditional or modern-day pronunciation ended up being popular with supporters associated with the papacy, and the Erasmian system because of the Reformers — the Erasmian system had enter into general use, in addition to Byzantine method of pronouncing Greek as an income language — also referred to as the Reuchlinian, from Johann Reuchlin, initial great agent of Greek scholarship in Germany — became obsolete within the western schools. In its initial kind the Erasmian pronunciation was distinguished from Reuchlinian by giving most of the vowels the noises which they have in Latin as pronounced by a lot of the western nations, the Italians, Germans, etc., by pronouncing the diphthongs so each vowel inside should preserve its own sound. As, however, this pronunciation closely approached that of the modern western languages in the sixteenth century, it became virtually the consumption that each and every country should pronounce Greek following the analogy of their own language, and, since this features gradually changed in each country, the pronunciation of Greek has varied with it. In The united kingdomt, within the time of Henry VIII., the pronunciation of vowels ended up being nearly just like in continental languages. This might be evident through the undeniable fact that the relation of the Greek vowels, as pronounced because of the Erasmian system, to those in the Latin alphabet, as found in the vernacular, is treated by writers of that time as identical in England as well as on the continent. In England, accordingly, the Erasmian system of pronunciation ended up being insensibly changed into what is now known as the English pronunciation of Greek. The machine referred to as continental is a partial revision of this Erasmian; that designated due to the fact eclectic restores the Erasmian with changes.
    • Modern Greek pronunciation, the pronunciation of Greek, ancient and modern, really used in Greece at the present time. The change through the old for this pronunciation ended up being very gradual. 1st signs of its prevalence are located when you look at the Bœotian dialect and among Hellenists. Confusion of ει with ι became general about 200-100 b. c., but good speakers still made some difference between these noises till after 200 a. d. The vowel η began to be often confounded with ι about 250-150 b. c., but people of tradition retained the noise of a Latin ē (English ā) because of it till 500 a. d. or later on. The diphthong αι became identical in sound with ε about 150-200 a. d., and significantly later οι was pronounced like υ (ü). The vowel υ had been distinguished from ι till late Byzantine times. After about 150-200 a. d. αυ, εν came to be sounded as av, ev, and later as af, ef before surds. During Roman imperial duration distinctions of quantity dropped increasingly more into disuse, and just accentual poetry began since the 4th century. In Egypt also nations outside of Greece these modifications of pronunciation started very early, and even the older manuscripts tend to be appropriately full of their impacts (iotacisms). This system of pronunciation prevailed for the old not just in the East, but in the western till enough time associated with Reformation. Also referred to as iotacism, itacism, Reuchlinian pronunciation.
    • Reuchlinian pronunciation (of Greek). Same as . See .
    • Roman pronunciation (of Latin), a system of pronunciation of Latin which seeks to approximate on real old pronunciation. It differs from stricter continental system chiefly when you look at the sounds given to æ, œ, c, and υ, plus in having one noise for each vowel. Inside old pronunciation age and o varied in noise, and you can find indications your brief vowels generally differed somewhat in high quality through the lengthy vowels. The next tables exhibit the leading methods described above.
    • in every these systems κ, λ, μ, ν, π, ρ, σ, τ, φ, and ψ correspondingly have a similar sounds as k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, f, and ps. The appears offered in parentheses represent the stricter continental pronunciation. γ is γ before γ, κ, ξ, χ (γ being γ somewhere else); gh represents the matching sonant to ċh (nearly as German g in Wagen as pronounced by many Germans). In Modern Greek system χ is ch like in German ich, and γ is y before ā and ē sounds (ε, ι, etc.); γκ is ngg, μπ is mb, and ντ is nd. The strict continental system therefore the contemporary Greek pronounce because of the written accent, although the English in addition to changed continental accent Greek because of the rule for accent in Latin. The 2 last-named methods generally speaking make α and ι long in open syllables and quick in shut syllables (the English pronunciation dealing with all of them as a and i in Latin), but υ is always very long.
    • in most these systems b, d, f, h, k, l, m, n, p, ph (= f), q (qu = kw), roentgen, t, th (in thin), have actually their particular ordinary English sounds. C and g express c and g before age, æ, œ, i, and y; c and g express c and g before other letters than these. The quick vowel-sounds are utilized within the English as well as in the changed continental system in closed syllables, and also the lengthy vowel-sounds in open syllables, no matter what the old quantity. The Roman system gives the same quality of noise to a brief vowel on a long, but helps it be faster in pronunciation. In continental pronunciation s is by some obvious z between two vowels, plus in the modified system final ěs is pronounced āz, and final os ōs. When it comes to pronunciation of c, s, and t as sh, and of x as ksh or z, see . Pronounce ü as with German, or as French u.
    • how a word or a language is customarily spoken
    • the manner which some one utters a word

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