positivism definition

  • noun:
    • Philosophy A doctrine contending that good sense perceptions are the just admissible foundation of personal understanding and precise idea.
    • Philosophy the use of this doctrine in reasoning, epistemology, and ethics.
    • Philosophy The system of Auguste Comte designed to supersede theology and metaphysics and dependent on a hierarchy associated with sciences, you start with mathematics and culminating in sociology.
    • Philosophy Any of a number of doctrines or viewpoints, frequently comparable to Comte's, that tension attention to actual training over consideration of what is ideal: "Positivism became the 'scientific' base for authoritarian politics, especially in Mexico and Brazil” ( Raymond Carr).
    • their state or quality of being good.
    • A doctrine that says the just authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge, hence these types of knowledge can only just originate from good affirmation of theories through rigid systematic strategy, declining every as a type of metaphysics.
    • Useful character, sense of truth, concreteness.
    • A school of idea in jurisprudence in which the law is observed as divided from moral values, in other words. regulations is posited by lawmakers (people).
    • a method of viewpoint originated by M. Auguste Comte, which deals just with positives. It excludes from viewpoint every thing although normal phenomena or properties of knowable things, as well as their particular invariable relations of coexistence and succession, as occurring eventually and area. Such relations tend to be denominated laws, that are becoming discovered by observance, research, and comparison. This viewpoint holds all query into reasons, both efficient and final, becoming useless and unprofitable.
    • Actual or absolute understanding.
    • [capitalized] The good philosophy (which see, under good).
    • a good or condition described as certainty or acceptance or affirmation and dogmatic assertiveness
    • the type of empiricism that bases all understanding on perceptual experience (not on intuition or revelation)

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