porcelain definition

  • noun:
    • a difficult, white, clear ceramic produced by firing a pure clay and then glazing it with variously colored fusible materials; china.
    • An object made from it.
    • A hard, white, clear porcelain that is created by firing kaolin along with other products; china.
    • Anything constructed from this material..
    • Purslain.
    • a superb translucent or semitransculent style of earthenware, made first-in China and Japan, nevertheless now in addition in European countries and The united states; -- labeled as additionally China, or Asia ware.
    • A ceramic ware having a translucent human body, as soon as glazed (see biscuit, 3) a translucent glaze in addition.
    • A hard-paste porcelain built in the early the main nineteenth century.
    • See Petit porcelain.
    • a contemporary porcelain, that the variety best-known is unglazed pieces of art, such as statuettes and teams. Thorwaldsen's works, particularly, have now been copied in this ware.
    • Less properly, when the decoration is produced by casting or pressing the whole surface before the color is applied.
    • A hard-paste porcelain made from 1779 to the current day. The kaolin had been obtained from St. Yrieix in neighbor hood, while the ware had been specially brilliant and clear provided that this alone was utilized. The current porcelain includes a lot of the most important ceramic production of modern France.
    • A hard-paste porcelain made from 1769, in consequence of the discovery of deposits of kaolin in France. This manufacture has reached greater merit of late years than before the revolution: in size and perfection the pieces surpass anything produced elsewhere, and the painting shows unparalleled skill and mastery of the material, whatever may be thought of its appropriateness and good taste as decoration. The mark under the kings of the old régime was always the royal cipher L L, front to front, crossing above and below, and within the space so inclosed a letter denoting the year of manufacture, a double alphabet beginning in 1778. AA, etc. Under the republic, the word Sèvres, and R. F. for République Francaise, were used; under the empire, M. Imple. de Sevres, sometimes with the imperial eagle, was used. The restored kings used a cipher of LL and one of CC; Louis Philippe, a cipher L. P., and often the name of the palace for which the ware was made. The 1848 republic restored the R. F.; and the second empire, a crowned N, with S for Sèvres, and the date, as 56. 57. But since about 1830 all pieces are marked before decorating with the letter S, and a date in green included in a cartouche, and, when the piece is sold undecorated, this mark is cut through by a touch to a grinding-wheel.
    • An obsolete kind of purslane.
    • Carr porcelain, soft-paste porcelain and Parian ware produced by James Carr, of brand new York city, from about 1876 until 1885.
    • Cartlidge porcelain, soft-paste porcelain and Parian, made by Charles Cartlidge, at Greenpoint, ny, from 1848 to 1856. Among his items had been table-services, door-plates and hardware furnishings artistically coated, and Parian portraits, plaques, and busts of eminent men.
    • Carved Belleek, many different Belleek porcelain made at Trenton, New Jersey, and carved in imaginative low-relief styles within the dry clay condition, before burning. Vases and lamp-shades have been made inside style, the consequence associated with differing depth of this walls, when artificial light is introduced, becoming that a lithophane.
    • Greenpoint porcelain, a name directed at the hard-paste porcelain produced within Union Porcelain Works, at Greenpoint, nyc, from 1865 to the current time. The key item happens to be hardware furnitures, but a great deal of attractive ware, in the shape of vases, figures, teams, and busts, has also been produced truth be told there.
    • Hemphill porcelain, a hard-paste porcelain manufactured in Philadelphia from 1832 to 1837. See Tucker porcelain, below.
    • Hulme porcelain, hard-paste porcelain produced in Philadelphia in 1828. See Tucker porcelain, below.
    • Kurlbaum and Schwartz porcelain, hard-paste porcelain manufactured in Philadelphia from about 1851 to 1855. The product had been of the best quality of human anatomy and technical execution, the accessories being very carefully coated in gold.
    • Mead porcelain, a superb quality of soft-paste porcelain made by Dr. Mead, in nyc, through the second ten years of this nineteenth century: the initial soft-paste porcelain this is certainly known to happen manufactured in the United States. Known vases with this manufacture are completely white, with handles modeled within the kinds of winged female figures.
    • (10) Smith-Fife porcelain, hard-paste porcelain built in Philadelphia about 1830, notably resembling the Tucker porcelain of the identical period, in human body, designs, and forms, but of a far more yellow tint of paste.
    • (11) Tucker porcelain, a genuine hard-paste porcelain, with half the normal commission of bone-ash, of a bluish tint, created by William Ellis Tucker, of Philadelphia, from 1825 to 1832. The initial products had been decorated with brown or sepia surroundings. In 1828 Thomas Hulme formed a copartnership with Tucker, beneath the form of Tucker & Hulme, but retired through the firm in about a year. In 1832 Joseph Hemphill had been admitted as someone, and a few months later on Mr. Tucker passed away. Business was then continued by Hemphill alone for quite a while. In 1837, Thomas Tucker, a brother associated with the founder, became only owner, however in here 12 months the make ceased. During Hemphill's proprietorship the ware ended up being considerably improved. Potters and decorators were brought from Europe, as well as many years the make had been eminently successful. The ware resembled the French hard-paste porcelain of the identical period, in human body, forms, and painted designs. Through the best period surroundings and wreaths of flowers had been coated on glaze in refined colorings, plus the top-notch the gilding ended up being superior to that the brought in products. The merchandise of the factory had been table-services, attractive jugs, vases into the French design, fruit-baskets, ornamental numbers, ornate cologne-bottles, night-lamps, and a multiplicity of forms, both helpful and ornamental. It was the initial hard-paste procelain manufactured in America, plus in numerous respects it offers perhaps not since already been surpassed.
    • ceramic ware made from a far more or less translucent ceramic
  • others:
    • regarding the nature of or composed of porcelain: as, porcelain adornments.

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