pellagra definition

  • noun:
    • an ailment brought on by a deficiency of niacin and protein in diet and characterized by skin eruptions, digestive and neurological system disruptions, and eventual emotional deterioration.
    • A disease, with skin lesions and emotional confusion, primarily brought on by a niacin deficiency.
    • An affection of the skin, characterized by redness, especially in exposed areas, scaling and shedding of your skin, and accompanied with severe intestinal disruption and stressed symptoms. Its due to a deficiency of niacin (vitamin B3; nicotinic acid) and protein into the diet, and may also be caused by malnutrition, or, oftentimes, by much reliance upon maize for food. It absolutely was at some point (ca. 1890) endemic in Northern Italy, and ended up being known as Alpine scurvy. It may be caused by alcoholism or diease causing an impairment of nutrition. It's also known as St. Ignatius's itch, maidism, mal de los angeles rosa, mal rosso, and psychoneurosis maidica. A number of pellagra seen in children is named infantile pellagra or kwashiorkor.
    • An endemic disease of southern Europe, described as erythema, digestion derangement, and nervous affections. It exhibits vernal recurrences or exacerbations, and is frequently deadly over time. Additionally spelled pelagra.
    • an illness due to deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disruptions and erythema and nervous or psychological problems; are caused by malnutrition or alcoholism or other nutritional impairments

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