A glucoside resembling saponin, based in the root of sarsaparilla, smilax, etc., and extracted as a bitter white crystalline substance; -- labeled as in addition smilacin, sarsaparilla saponin, and sarsaparillin.
A crystalline glucoside, C40H70O18, within sarsaparilla root, that it's the energetic principle. It melts, with decomposition, at 210° C., and yields sugar and parigenin when hydrolyzed with dilute acids. It slows the activity of the heart. Also known as parillic or parillinic acid, saliseparin, salseparisin.