oil definition

  • noun:
    • any one of many mineral, vegetable, and artificial substances and animal and veggie fats that are usually slippery, combustible, viscous, fluid or liquefiable at area temperatures, dissolvable in a variety of natural solvents including ether but not in water, and utilized in a great selection of items, specifically lubricants and fuels.
    • Petroleum.
    • A petroleum by-product, including a machine oil or lubricant.
    • A substance with an oily persistence.
    • Oil paint.
    • A painting done in oil paint.
    • Insincere flattery.
    • Liquid fat.
    • Petroleum-based fluid used as gasoline or lubricant.
    • An oil painting.
    • anybody of a good variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and never miscible with water; they've been of pet, veggie, or mineral source and of varied composition, and they're variously useful for food, for solvents, for anointing, lubrication, lighting, etc. By extension, any substance of an oily consistency.
    • The general title for a class of figures that have all or a lot of the after properties in accordance: they are simple figures having an even more or less unctuous experience and viscous consistence, tend to be liquid at ordinary conditions, are less heavy than water, and tend to be insoluble inside, but reduce in alcoholic beverages plus readily in ether, and take fire when heated in air, burning with a luminous smoky fire.
    • particularly Oil as utilized for burning-in a lamp, to afford light: as, burning the midnight oil (alluding to nocturnal study).
    • An oil of indifferent fragrance through the Lebanon cedar.
    • Oil of chrism, oil combined with balsam, or with wine and aromatics, utilized at baptism, verification, coronation of sovereigns, etc.: also called chrism.
    • Oil for the sick, oil made use of at the unction of this ill. See euchelaion and unction.
    • Especially, within the Greek Church, oil that has been in contact with a relic or other sacred object, or happens to be obtained from a church lamp.
    • Oil of myrcia.
    • discipline with a birchen switch; a beating.
    • Indian geranium or palmarosa oil (formerly called Turkish geranium-oil), a fragrant essential oil distilled from the leaves of Andropogon Schœnanthus, used in perfumery. It comes from the Bombay Presidency in India.
    • oil paint containing pigment that is used by an artist
    • a slippery or viscous fluid or liquefiable substance perhaps not miscible with liquid
    • any one of a team of fluid delicious fats that are obtained from plants
    • a dark oil consisting primarily of hydrocarbons
  • verb-transitive:
    • To lubricate, offer, address, or polish with oil.
    • To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil.
  • idiom:
    • hand casual To bribe: an attorney just who attempted to oil the judge's hand to get a great verdict.
    • hand casual To give a tip to: oiled the porter's palm.
  • verb:
    • To lubricate with oil.
    • To grease with oil for cooking/
    • cover with oil, like by massaging
    • administer an oil or ointment to ; usually in a religious ceremony of blessing
  • others:
    • To smear or rub over with oil; plan usage because of the application of oil: as, to oil a rag; oiled report or silk.
    • To anoint with oil.
    • To render smooth by the application of oil; lubricate: because, to oil machinery; ergo, figuratively, to render greasy and dull; make smooth and pleasing.
    • to make it water-proof, as with Asia, Japan, etc., in which oiled paper is extensively employed for umbrellas, water-pails, lanterns, rain-clothes, etc.
    • In chem., a termination denoting an ether derived from a phenol: as, anisoïl (formerly called anisol).

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