nitro definition

  • noun:
    • the univalent NO2 practical team
    • nitroglycerin, especially as medicine
    • Nitroglycerin.
    • An element in some compounds, meaning ‘niter,’ and usually implying ‘nitrogen’ or ‘nitric acid’; specifically, as a prefix in chemical words, indicating the presence of the radical nitryl (NO2) in certain compounds: as, nitro-aniline, nitr anisic acid, nitro -benzamide, nitro-benzoic acid.
    • An abbreviation of nitro-powder.
    • It is also used, really frequently however in reference to technical usage improperly, as a part of the name of a compound which does not retain the radical nitryl (NO2) featuring its nitrogen right united to carbon. Therefore nitroglycerin and nitrocellulose (guncotton) are not nitro-compounds in technical sense of the term, but nitrates.
  • adjective:
    • containing the nitro group; such substances are usually volatile and often explosive

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