nitrile definition

  • noun:
    • a natural cyanide containing a CN team.
    • any of a course of organic substances containing a cyano functional group -C≡N
    • Any one of a few compounds bearing the cyanide radical (-CN); especially, those types of cyanides of liquor radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, create a carboxyl acid, because of the removal associated with nitrogen as ammonia.
    • In organic chemistry, the class-name of compounds which contain the univalent radical -C: N. They're prepared by the action of alkyl haloids on potassium cyanide and, in some cases, because of the dehydration of natural ammonium salts into which they tend to be reconverted by the action of acids or alkalies. They are known as acid nitriles or alkyl cyanides. Occasionally tertiary amines (R3N) are called nitrile bases.
    • some of a course of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN

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