monosaccharide definition

  • noun:
    • some of a few carbs, such as for instance tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that simply cannot be broken down to easier sugars by hydrolysis. Also referred to as simple sugar.
    • A simple sugar such glucose, fructose or deoxyribose which have one band.
    • A carbohydrate the molecule which isn't divisible into less complicated teams without loss in its important characteristics. According to the amount of carbon atoms, monosaccharides tend to be divided into trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc. Among the best-known instances may be the hexose dextrose (sugar).
    • a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that will not hydrolyse to offer various other sugars; the most basic group of carbs
  • others:
    • an easy sugar; some of numerous sugars (such as the trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc.), perhaps not decomposable into easier sugars by hydrolysis. Specif., since employed by some, a hexose. The monosaccharides are typical open-chain compounds containing hydroxyl teams and either an aldehyde group or a ketone team.

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