metric system definition

  • noun:
    • A decimal system of units on the basis of the meter as a unit size, the kilogram as a unit size, together with 2nd as a unit time. See Dining Table at measurement.
    • the device of measurements developed in France inside 1790s and now utilized worldwide.
    • the present day type of that system, Systeme Internationale d'Unites (Overseas System of Units), or SI system of dimensions that is on the basis of the base devices for the meter/metre, the kilogram, the next, the ampere, the kelvin, the mole, while the candela.
    • something of weights and steps originating in France, the application of which is required for legal reasons in many nations, and allowed in many others, like the United States; the machine is also called by its French title, Le Système Overseas de Unités (abbreviated SI). The principal device of length could be the meter (see meter). Out of this are created the are, the liter, the stere, the gram, etc. These products, and others based on all of them, are split decimally, and bigger devices are created from multiples by 10, 100, 1,000, and 10,000. The successive multiplies are designated because of the prefixes, deka- (previously deca-), hecto-, kilo-, and myria- (seldom utilized); consecutive components by deci-, centi-, and milli-. The prefixes huge- and micro- are widely used to denote a multiple by one million, and also the millionth part, correspondingly; giga- and nano- denote multiples of just one billion (1,000,000,000) plus one billionth, respectively. The prefix for starters trillion (1012) is tera, as well as for one trillionth (10-12) is pico; for example quintillion (1015) peta, and for (10-15) (one quintillionth) femto; for (10-18) atto. Look at terms formed with these prefixes within the Vocabulary. For metric tables, see p. 1682.
    • a decimal system of loads and measures on the basis of the meter in addition to kg as well as the second
  • adjective:
    • See metric system in the vocabulary.

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