mesothorium definition

  • noun:
    • Either of two decay items of thorium, mesothorium we, an isotope of radium, or mesothorium II, an isotope of actinium.
    • Any product of the radioactive decay of thorium, mainly isotopes of radium and actinium
    • a radioactive isotope of radium (radium-228) with a half-life of 5.8 many years. Also referred to as mesothorium-1 or mesothorium I to distinguish it from a subsequent decay product, mesothorium II (actinium-228). It had been discovered in 1907 by Otto Hahn as a decay item of thorium (created by decay of thorium-232). Mesothorium-1 (radium-228) in turn produces actinium-228 (mesothorium-2) given that very first item of their radioactive decay, as well as the actinium-228 consequently decays quickly (half-life of 6 hours) to thorium-228 (that is also referred to as radiothorium; the thorium-228 has a half-life of 1.91 many years, reduced than compared to the radium-228). It absolutely was found and named before complete recognition associated with the nature of isotopes associated with the elements, and ended up being distinguished from other alternatives of radium by its half-life and mode of manufacturing and decay. It had been additionally cheaper to get ready than other temporary radium isotopes, and ended up being therefore offered commercially, for use, e.g. in making view dials readable in the dark by painting the hands and hour scars with a self-luminous paint containing the radioactive material; therefore usually described (example. in regulatory legislation) like distinct from radium. It absolutely was among the isotopes thought accountable for radiation-induced conditions observed in industrial employees who painted radium on view dials inside late 1950's and very early 1960's. The primary isotope of radium (radium-226) features a half-life of 1620 many years, that isotopes with shorter half-lives proved hard to separate and study for the intended purpose of finding the reason for these types of diseases.
    • A disintegration-product of thorium, intermediate between thorium and radiothorium.

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  • Sentence for "mesothorium"
    • Produced by concentrated radium and mesothorium
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