mercerization definition

  • noun:
    • an ongoing process of dealing with cotton fiber fiber or fabrics, devised by John Mercer, a Lancashire calico-printer, and patented in 1851.
    • many important application of mercerization at the present time is the lustering of cotton yarn, which is accomplished by subjecting the yarn under stress towards action of caustic-soda answer and carefully getting rid of the caustic soft drink by washing prior to the stress is relieved. Egyptian or sea-island cotton is best suited with the objective, with yarns of the cottons a top silky luster are obtained. Two-ply yarn is usually used, as well as the nature of twist associated with yarn happens to be found to possess more or less affect upon the result.

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