mastaba definition

  • noun:
    • a historical Egyptian tomb with a rectangular base, sloping sides, and a-flat roofing.
    • an extensive rock workbench built into the wall surface of a house, shop an such like. in the Middle East.
    • A rectangular construction with an appartment top and somewhat sloping sides, built during Ancient Egyptian times above tombs that were situated on level land. Mastabas were made from lumber, mud bricks, stone, or a combination of these materials. Most are solid frameworks, while others can consist of several spaces, often decorated with paintings or inscriptions.
    • the first kind of Egyptian tomb, a building oblong or square in program and having sloping sides and a flat roofing. It covers the sepulchral gap.
    • an old Egyptian mud-brick tomb with a rectangular base and sloping sides and flat roofing
  • others:
    • In Mohammedan nations, a hard and fast seat, common in dwellings plus in public places.
    • A type of tomb, of the time of the Memphite dynasties, comprising an oblong structure with sloping sides (occasionally containing a decorated chamber, sometimes of solid masonry), and related to a mummy chamber inside stone beneath.

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