mannitol definition

  • noun:
    • A white, crystalline, water-soluble, a little sweet alcohol, C6H8(OH)6, used as a dietary supplement and dietetic sweetener and in medical tests of renal purpose.
    • a polyhydroxy alcohol, an isomer of sorbitol, utilized as an artificial sweetener
    • A white crystalline hexose (HO.CH2.(CHOH)4.CH2.OH) of a sweet style obtained from a so-called manna, the dried sap of the flowering ash (Fraxinus ornus); -- called additionally mannite, and hydroxy hexane. Cf. dulcite. It is found in drugstore as excipient and diluent for solids and fluids. Additionally it is made use of as a food additive for anti-caking properties, or as a sweetener, and, illegally, to "reduce" (dilute) illegal drugs particularly cocaine or heroin.
    • identical to mannite.
    • a diuretic (trade title Osmitrol) used to advertise the removal of urine

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