kerosene definition

  • noun:
    • A thin oil distilled from petroleum or shale oil, utilized as a fuel for home heating and cooking, in lamps, so that as a denaturant for alcoholic beverages. Also called coal oil, lamp-oil.
    • A petroleum based thin and colorless fuel; (UK) paraffin.
    • An oil used for illuminating purposes, previously acquired from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and therefore called in addition coal oil. It is now manufactured in immense volumes, mainly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It is made up chiefly of several hydrocarbons regarding the methane series, having from 10 to 16 carbon atoms in each molecule, and having an increased boiling point (175 - 325° C) than gasoline or perhaps the petroleum ethers, and a diminished boling point as compared to natural oils.
    • A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal, bitumen, etc., extensively utilized as an illuminating substance throughout parts of the world.
    • a flammable hydrocarbon oil made use of as fuel in lights and heaters

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