ion definition

  • noun:
    • An atom or a group of atoms which have acquired a net electric fee by gaining or dropping one or more electrons.
    • An atom or band of atoms bearing a power fee for instance the salt and chlorine atoms in a salt solution.
    • an atom or selection of atoms (radical) carrying an electrical fee. Its compared with simple atoms or molecules, and free-radicals. Specific compounds, including sodium chloride, are comprised of complementary ions in solid (crystalline) along with solution. Other people, notably acids such as for example hydrogen chloride, may possibly occur as neutral particles in the pure liquid or gas types, and ionize nearly totally in dilute aqueous solutions. In solutions (as in water) ions are often bound non-covalently with the particles of solvent, plus in that instance tend to be reported to be solvated. According to the electrolytic dissociation principle, the particles of electrolytes tend to be divided in to ions by water and other solvents. An ion is made from a number of atoms and holds one unit fees of electrical energy, 3.4 x 10-10 electrostatic units, or a multiple with this. Those which are favorably electrified (hydrogen and also the metals) are called cations; bad ions (hydroxyl and acid atoms or teams) are called anions.
    • among the little electrified particles into which the particles of a gas are broken up beneath the action associated with the electric energy, of ultraviolet and certain other rays, as well as large temperatures. On properties and behavior of ions the phenomena regarding the electric discharge through rarefied fumes and many other important effects tend to be ascribed. At low pressures the bad ions appear to be electrons; the good ions, atoms minus an electron. At ordinary pressures each ion appears to feature also many affixed molecules. Ions is created in a gas in a variety of techniques.
    • one of several aspects of an electrolyte, or ingredient human body undergoing electrolyzation.
    • A suffix in abstract nouns (numerous additionally used as concrete) of Latin origin, as with legion, opinion, choice, area, faith, suspicion, communion, union, etc.
    • an equivalent suffix happening in some tangible nouns designating people or things, such as centurion, histrion, union (a pearl), onion, pavilion, etc.
    • An abbreviation of longitude.
    • In physical biochemistry, among the particles, bearing electric charges, which carry electric currents through the atmosphere or any other gas. See electron, 2.
    • In actual chemistry, your message ion added, as a suffix, into abbreviated name of an atom or radical to form a name when it comes to atom or radical within the ionic condition: thus chlorion implies an atom of chlorin inside ionic problem; cuproion or cupriion, the ion of univalent and of bivalent copper.
    • An abbreviation of Ionic.
    • a particle that's electrically charged (positive or unfavorable); an atom or molecule or group with lost or attained a number of electrons

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