inositol definition

  • noun:
    • Any of nine isomeric alcohols, C6H12O6·2H2O, specially one present in plant and animal muscle and categorized as a member of the supplement B complex.
    • some of several isomeric cyclic polyhydric alcohols, C6H12O6, found in both plant and animal structure.
    • A white crystalline compound (C6H12O6) with a sweet taste, widely distributed using animal tissues and liquids, particularly in the muscle tissue associated with the heart and lungs, and in addition in some flowers, such as unripe pease, beans, potato sprouts, etc. Although isomeric with dextrose, it has no carbonyl (aldehyde or ketone) team, and it is for that reason perhaps not a carbohydrate, but a derivative of cyclohexane. Called in addition inosite, cyclohexitol, cyclohexanehexol, hexahydroxycyclohexane and phaseomannite. There are nine possible steroisomers, not every one of which are found naturally. The predominate normal kind is cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol, also called myo-inositol. The naturally occurring phytic acid in flowers may be the hexaphosphate of inositol, from which inositol might be manufactured; phytin is the calcium-magnesium salt of phytic acid. It is also an element of phosphatidylinositol.
    • an optically inactive alcoholic beverages which an element of the vitamin B complex

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