- Law Against you versus against property. Used of an action or wisdom.
- In case against a particular individual, a summons and grievance to give the court jurisdiction that is offered to an individual to test a case. In personam means a judgment is enforceable up against the individual anywhere he or she is.
- up against the individual: used in law of the right resting in a purely personal responsibility of some other, and of procedures to enforce a right by view binding only on the celebration proceeded against, like a suit to recover a debt: in contradistinction to the right or a proceeding in rem, which binds all of the world, such a proceeding to condemn a ship or to reduce a marriage. See action, 8 .