hypertonic definition

  • adjective:
    • Pathology Having extreme muscular or arterial tension.
    • Chemistry obtaining the higher osmotic force of two solutions.
    • having a better osmotic pressure than another
    • having a very large muscular tension; spastic
    • (of living muscle) in a state of uncommonly high tension
    • (of a solution) having a greater osmotic stress than an assessment solution
  • noun:
    • Having a greater osmotic pressure than an evaluation option; -- of an aqueous option. Increasing the concentration of dissolved solids increases the osmotic stress, and therefore the tonicity of an answer. Opposite of hypotonic and contrasting with isotonic.
    • Having an osmotic stress more than compared to bloodstream plasma, which can be around that of a 0.2 typical option of salt chloride. Cells obtained from a medium of normal physiological osmolality and positioned in a hypertonic method will shrink.
    • in circumstances of uncommonly high-tension; -- of muscle tissue.
  • others:
    • In real biochemistry, having a larger osmotic force than some solution regarded as a standard. See isotonic, 2.

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